Hobby Projects - Insulation tester, LED Circuits, Meters.
Showing posts with label Electrical. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Electrical. Show all posts

Saturday, August 17, 2013

Hysteresis - Charles Proteus Steinmetz

He was an American Mathematician and Electrical Engineer. He fostered the development of alternating current that made possible the expansion of the electric power industry in the United States, formulating mathematical theories for engineers.

Charles Proteus Steinmetz
 (April 9, 1865 - October 26, 1923)

Charles Proteus Steinmetz

He made ground-breaking discoveries in the understanding of hysteresis that enabled engineers to better design electric motors for use in industry.

Charles Proteus Steinmetz electrical engineer

Hysteresis - Charles Proteus Steinmetz

"Eickemeyer wanted to expand into electrical motors and generators, a brand new field in 1889."

AC hysteresis theory

Shortly after arriving in the U.S., Steinmetz went to work for Rudolf Eickemeyer in Yonkers, New York, and published in the field of magnetic hysteresis, which gave him world-wide professional recognition.

Eickemeyer's firm developed transformers for use in the transmission of electrical power among many other mechanical and electrical devices. In 1893 Eickemeyer's company, along with all of its patents and designs, was bought by the newly formed General Electric Company, where he quickly became known as the engineering wizard in GE's engineering community.

My Notes-

I read about  Steinmetz long ago in a Reader Digest that belonged to my grandfather. It was dated like 1950-60. These issues have become brown and have been ruled by silverfishes.

I cannot find that article but i remember it roughly ......

People from/related to GE had problems with thier electrical equipment heating up a lot. Then they heard of this person of Germany who had mentioned about some remedy to such issues.

They visited him in his loft or some upstairs room where the solution to this problem was discussed and the rest is remarkable history for Electrical Engineering. 

The part of the story i remember most was that in one of his wardrobe drawers, a Mama Mouse had made it her home and was also having her kids here. Not only did the compassionate Steinmetz allowed it to keep her quarters, he even attended to the new family with some food and necessities.

Heard of very few angels like this.

delabs Notes

Wednesday, June 22, 2011

Applied Magnetics by Barry Hansen

Barry Hansen enthusiasm for Coilgun Designs has created an EE education portal.

Learning Magnetism and Basic EE

See the RLC Simulator and Inductor Simulator. By building a Gauss Gun which is like a Solenoid, Electromagnetic Relay or 3 phase contacter, you can learn electromechanics. This may be like a sequential solenoid which makes things move.This leads us to the Linear motor.

Applied Magnetics by Barry Hansen

There is also a very interesting learning article. PID in Control Systems in reading a DIY levitator design In Popular Electronics May 1996 - James Cicon.

Why build a coilgun?

It demonstrates many basic concepts of magnetic machines. A coilgun is foremost an example of a solenoid. These appear practically everywhere, from car door locks to doorbells.

(Youngsters Should do Basic Electricity Experiments with the Supervision and Guidance of a Technician, Engineer, Experienced Enthusiast or an Amateur-Radio Operator

My own interest into electricity-magnetism came with a failed Doorbell in my Schooldays, from collecting gramophone and chemistry lab parts i got escalated to the Iron-n-Copper Age - delabs)

Friday, August 13, 2010

Emergency Light with Fluorescent Tubes

Emergency Light for Portable Use. Note Charger and Battery not Shown. Design from Ludens
12 Volt fluorescent lamp drivers: Three schematics of 12 V drivers for 2, 8 and 20 Watt, plus a lot of explanations about fluorescent tubes. Use the drivers for camping, emergency, boating, etc.

Emergency Light with Fluorescent Tubes

Improper Design of Magnetics or Testing at low voltages can damage the switching NPN. The NPN must have fast switching time, see towers for Cob in pF and .fT in MHz. This may Oscillate for 100 kHz so it has to switch fast, then less heating and better beta at high freq. Choose such a NPN.
The Ic or max current of the NPN can be few times above the current consumption you have planned with the gadget. As a thumb rule if this is a 10W at 10V that means 1 Amp current. Hence choose a device 5 times above 1 A. Use a 5 A device or a 7 A for reliability.

The voltage selection of NPN must also take into account the transients in the switching. If its a sine oscillator like above, the transients, spikes are mild but in square wave switching, the spikes can be very sharp on resonance. These low energy zaps can weaken the NPN and deteriorate its switching and cause heating and eventual failure. So many CFL lamps and Emergency Light's fail quickly as they are not built robustly.

Even this circuit above is good only if is built very carefully.

Thursday, July 24, 2008

Museum Of Electricity - Charles Brush

Yes, there were electric lights powered by central stations before Edison's! Carbon arc lamps saw extensive use throughout the USA and the world from the late 1870s on. - Charles Brush

Museum Of Electricity - Charles Brush

The General Electric Company was formed in 1892. It was the result of a meger between the Edison General electric Company and the Thomson-Houston Company, which themselves incorporated several other companies.

Museum Of Electricity - Charles Brush

Electricity, technology, and lots of arcs and sparks!

Museum Of Electricity contains Vintage Electrical and Historical images and description. They include the Edison Lamp, Tesla Coils, Lightning and Atmospheric Electricity and the .....

Amazing Jacob's Ladder

So how do they work?  First two conductive metal rods are positioned in a rough “V” shape with a slight space between them at the base.  A sufficient voltage differential is provided from a high voltage transformer to breakdown the air in the gap between the rods.

Friday, August 10, 2007

Strippenstrolch - Elektronikbasteln

"Strippenstrolch" is thus a pitch name for "electricians". here you can also see a innovative project that combines rainwater harvesting and a solar energy operated pump to flush toilets.

Strippenstrolch - Elektronikbasteln
 
LED Lighting Projects, Learn Electronics, Basic Circuits and how they work. All in German.



"In Germany one finds this designation now and then for an electrician on the work. Particularly in the winter, if it is still dark in the morning, one often sees "Strippenstrolche" with its building lamp on the building site:"

Solar Pump

Combination of Rain and Sun Harvesting
 
"The inspiration for a self-sufficient toilet flush was now close at hand: I thought at first to work with a power supply that provides me the 12V to the pump. But as a power supply would idle constantly consume energy, I rejected this solution. I have long experimented with solar power, so I decided, now a solar system for our toilets to build. On the flat roof of our garage I installed two 12V - 55Wp - solar - modules (Conrad Electronics). This I switched in parallel."

"As a solar storage currently serves an ordinary car battery 45Ah (later 3 pieces with a total of 135 Ah). The charging control acquires an 8A charge controller (Conrad). So all very simple."